On the dot (MPP)

Had forgotten to post this. Found it still saved as a draft..


In what way can braille and 3D shapes be used to form graphics and patterns that are intriguing to sighted people as well as blind or partially sighted?


The target audience will be blind or visually impaired also people in the gen- eral public who would enjoy my experiments and want to get a fuller under- standing of braille and its uses.


– To raise people’s awareness of braille, what it’s for and draw attention to its importance to the blind society. As many people are only ‘exposed’ to braille in only a few instances in everyday life – on buttons in lifts, buses and cash points – and thereby don’t get the full impact of how valuable it can be to people with this disability. (Even if people know of it, they don’t have any real knowledge about it.)

– How can we move toward inclusive design – to take the visually impaired into consideration when designing, instead of it only being added as an afterthought due to legal requirements.

– Investigate how graphics can be created in ways that appeals to a hybrid audience of sighted and blind/partially sighted people. Analyse which approach(es) can be best applied.


– Exploring ways of expressing braille in different formats – Differences in braille grade 1 and 2
Also investigate scaling of dots, spaces between dots and braille cells

– How is society accommodating or excluding blind people in everyday life?
Signage systems and guides for the visually impaired. How braille is being implemented in today’s society.

– Graphics/art intended for the blind
Tactile 3D shapes and patterns

– Embossed graphics, raised line drawings
Graphics to be ‘read’ with touch

– Comparison between situation in the UK and Sweden – Grades of blindness – Moon writing – Experiences with less senses
Other senses (mainly touch) heightened when loss of sight?

– How different concepts are percieved by blind
Such as ‘beauty’, colours, etc.


– Research existing graphic examples intended for blind and partially sighted

– Create an ‘how-to’ manual for sighted people to learn or understand braille

– Contact RNIB

– Find and talk to designers who have worked on projects in the same or similar field of study (f.ex. the design studio Imagination’s “Sense Garden”)

– Exhibitions about tactile graphics?
Find and attend exhibitions exploring tactile graphics/puts emphasis on art explored with other senses than sight

– Search for blind or partially sighted artists and photographers

– Create graphics with focus and extra value for the non-sighted (as in the ones with knowledge of braille)

– Surfaces of different textues and materials used for graphic work for the blind. Sounding when touching graphics?


– Holiday
– More primary research; create more visual experiments
Also more ‘playful’ approaches, not only problem solving (to be included in the ‘how-to’ manual?)
– More secondary research of graphics and installations
– Read books about blind and graphics from the bibliography
– Look up and visit exhibitions
‘Touch Tour’ for the visually impaired at the V&A for example

– More primary research
– More secondary research of graphic work and art for the blind
– Contact RNIB and blind/partially sighted people
Regarding what could be valuable factors to take into consideration when forming the research and ask what they would see as a welcome/’valuable’ addition to art and graphics, what they might feel is missing
– Think of formats for final output
– Speak to designers and others with experience of projects in the same/ similar fieldRNIB might have examples of projects or contacts
– Tutor meetings/feedback

– Trip to Sweden
During stay – find out differences between Sweden and the UK for the blind and braille’s uses
– Show target audience examples of work – Amends to work after feedback – Tutor meetings/feedback

– Design layout templates for MP and visual experiments
– Tutor meetings/feedback

– Use 3D workshop and Print Studio for production of material
– Photograph experiments
– Set material in layout template
– Tutor meetings/feedback

– Liaise with printers about production
– Print MP and other parts
– 9/11/11 HAND-IN Major Project


For Blind and Braille
– Crow, David (2010) Visible Signs, 2ed Lausanne: AVA Publishing SA

– Edman, Polly K (1992) Tactile Graphics New York: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
– Frascara, Jorge (1997) User-centred graphic design London: Taylor & Francis
– Holmes, David (2005) Empire of the Senses New York: Berg Publishers
– Kennedy, John M (1993) Drawing and the Blind: pictures to touch Yale University
– Pullin, Graham (2009) Design meets disability Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology

– content.photojojo.com/inspiration/blind-photographer-pete-eckert/ – http://www.theblindphotographer.com/http://www.rnib.org.uk

For Research Methodology
– Kress, Gunther & van Leeuwen, Theo (1996) Reading Images – The Grammar of Graphic Design London: Routledge
– Laurel, Brenda (2003) Design Research – Methods and Perspectives Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Posted on June 20, 2011, in Unit 2. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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